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Once covered with marshes, the Sharon plain was reclaimed in the post-Exilic and Hellenistic period and is now a settled area.Fields and fruit groves are laid out between scattered sandstone ridges, on which villages have grown up.
Samaria is easily approached from the coast across the Plain of Sharon and from the Jordan by the Fāriʿah valley.
Both the geographic area designated by the name and the political status of it have changed over the course of some three millennia.
The region (or at least a part of it) is also known as the Holy Land and is held sacred among Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
For further reading on the political units most closely associated with Palestine, Plain of ʿAkko (Acre), which extends with a breadth of 5 to 9 miles (8 to 14 km) for about 20 miles (32 km) from the Lebanon border in the north to the Carmel promontory, in Israel, in the south, where it narrows to a mere 600 feet (180 metres).
Farther southward the lowland opens out rapidly into the Plain of Sharon, about 8 miles (13 km) wide and extending south to the latitude of Tel Aviv–Yafo.
The maritime plain connects with Esdraelon by the pass of Megiddo and several lesser routes between the mountain spurs of Carmel and Gilboaʿ.